This reminds me of my poem “Beautiful Tragedy”
Pick a Slogan
Record the advertising slogans and advertising copy that you encounter throughout the day. Pick one slogan/catchphrase or a brief selection of advertising copy and incorporate it into a poem, without mentioning the object or service being marketed.
Poet Stanley Kunitz often advised his students to end a poem on an image without explaining it. Write a new poem or revise an old one, ending it with an evocative image left unexplained.
Write a poem that is in the form of a letter to a person from your past, a person from history, or a place. As you revise the poem, examine the poem’s structure, looking for patterns. How many syllables are most of the lines? How many lines make up each unit (or stanza). Once you get a sense of the dominant structure, revise the poem asserting that structure consistently.
Friend From the Past
Channel a person you’ve lost in your life. Find a photograph or reflect on a mental image of a friend or relative who is no longer part of your everyday life (because of death, estrangement, physical distance) and reenter the moment of that image, examining the clothing, the facial expression, the nuances of the scene in which the subject is situated. Then go deeper, into the scents, the temperature of the air, the physical and emotional sensations related to this particular scene from a past life. Now write down any words evoked by this reflection, whether they form a narrative or are entirely associative, whether they come from the point of view of an observer or the person herself. Use this material you’ve created to write a poem (you might try writing it in the form of a letter to your loved one, or from her to you).
Start a Collection
During the next week collect images, photographs, small objects, lines of poetry that you’ve written, passages from other writers’ work, snippets of conversations you overhear. Throughout the week put these things in a shoe box or something similar. At the end of the week, sit down and lay out each thing around you. Use the things you’ve collected as the ingredients for a poem.
Visit a Museum
Visit a museum or an art gallery. While looking at the art, transcribe fragments from the written descriptions and/or titles that accompany each work. Create a poem out of the fragments you’ve transcribed.
Art of the Arbitrary
Open a dictionary, an encyclopedia, or a book from your bookshelves to any page; choose a word, and write it down. Repeat this nine times. Write a poem with ten couplets (they need not rhyme) using one of the words from your list in each couplet, without using the first person.
Look through your poem drafts, notes, and writing fragments. Choose one line that you like and refine it until it feels as complete and polished as one line out of context can be. Use that line as a refrain in a new poem. When you’ve completed a decent draft, try writing an additional draft of the poem without the line, using it instead as the title.
Who Are You?
Choose a well-known person from history or from the news. Write a persona poem from this person’s voice and perspective. For an example, read the poet Ai’s “The Good Shepherd: Atlanta, 1981,” from her collection Sin (Norton, 1986), written from the perspective of convicted murderer Wayne Williams, or watch a video of Ai reading the poem.
Reality only reveals itself when it is illuminated by a ray of poetry.
The Anxiety of Influence
A cento, Latin for “patchwork,” is a poem composed entirely of fragments and lines taken from other poems and/or written sources. Try creating your own patchwork poem by incorporating lines from various poems in a poetry anthology. For inspiration, read David Lehman’s cento in the New York Times.
The sources of poetry are in the spirit seeking completeness.
Strange in Common
Make a list of commonly used phrases or idioms (e.g. “don’t let the cat out of the bag,” “beat a dead horse,” “no strings attached”). Choose one or two and examine them closely, particularly their literal meaning. Write a poem in which at least one line attempts to reveal the strangeness of a commonly used idiom. Read Dora Malech’s “Love Poem” for inspiration.
I don’t know if they would be considered prompts or not, but I use a number of methods to write, most of which involve recycling text (or speech)...